How to mount a remote partition
Since I turned back on my server, I wanted to be able to mount its partitions on my laptop. I first tried nfs, but this program couldn't share each partition. Indeed, one of them was a fat32 partition and it appeared that nfs was not capable to share it. Actually, I couldn't see any files. The other problem I met with nfs is that I was not able to mount the partition through internet, in the aim to acces to my movie/music/share directory everywhere. I didn't find any solution to that, so I gave up.
After some research, I found a new way to share partition : by using a ssh filesystem. The implementation I installed is sshfs which is based on the API fuse. It can be found on the package list of Debian, or here It works very well and has the advantage to be secure because of the use of the protocole SSH. The latency is quite good and the bandwith depends naturally of the rate of the both endpoints of the connection.
Currently, I'm listening music 130km away from the server.